Italic font (the font whose letters slant to the right, like this) is used in many contexts to distinguish names and other expressions from the running text. Italics may go with maximal or minimal capitalisation. Italics are used in:

The researchers’ recent article in the Australian Medical Journal explained how …

Jones AB & Smith L (2016). Historical use of different fonts. Journal of Typography 13:27–39.

Low T (1989). Wild food plants of Australia, HarperCollins, Sydney.

Albert Facey, in A fortunate life, described his experiences during the Gallipoli campaign.

  • titles of plays, poems, musical compositions, films, television and radio programs, and works of art (see also Presenting titles and References)
A midsummer night’s dream     The rime of the ancient mariner     Dvorak’s New World Symphony     Bridget Jones’s diary     Four corners on the ABC     Background briefing     Monet’s Woman with a parasol
  • names of specific ships, aircraft and other vehicles (but not the names of types of vehicles)
HMS Endeavour     Air Force One   but   Boeing 777
  • Acts of Parliament and Ordinances (see also Legislation)
Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994     Norfolk Island Customs Ordinance 2016
  • scientific names of genera, species and subspecies of animals, plants and microorganisms (see also Naming organisms)
Mus musculus     Eucalyptus gracilis
  • less common foreign words and phrases

    pro bono publico [for the public good]

    plat du jour [dish of the day]

    but not foreign phrases that have an established place in English; those listed in Australian dictionaries are printed in roman, but with their foreign accents (if any)

ad hoc     al dente     et al     fait accompli     per se     wanderlust     résumé
  • words, or elements of words, that are being cited
When the suffix -ing is added to the word trace, the e is dropped.

a + b = cd

n = 8

P < 0.01

  • words that deserve particular emphasis in the text, or are being introduced and defined for the first time (another option is to use single quotation marks instead of italics)

It will be extremely difficult to finish the report today.

One of the categories used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics is very remote.

If the italics are added by the writer to emphasise a point in cited material, this should be indicated in brackets:

The politician said that she would not back down, even if the other side offered a compromise (emphasis added).

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Australian manual of scientific style Start communicating effectively